Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Revised law on Auto Road was approved by Parlia¬ment yesterday, May 11. The new law in¬dicated that quality guaranteed period for newly built road and road facilities would be three years in charge of the executed legal entity as well as technical and tech¬nology controller each.
MPs also backed proposals to include costs for consultancy on technology con¬trol and customer’s control in the budget of building road and road facilities, loss due to inaccuracy or error in the blueprint of road and its facilities should be fully re¬covered by the entity or the author, who made the layout, responsibility for error in conclusion on technical and technologi¬cal renovation should be charged on legal body, who made feasibility work.
The auto road fund would cover neces¬sary expenses for implementation of the law, training experts, operation of moving patrol, strengthening industrial basis of the entities in charge of auto road main-tenance and repair, conducting research work, technological renovation and audit¬ing, according to the law.
The revised law on Auto road will take effect from July 01, 2017.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Parliament approved a revised law on Offence during yesterday’s plenary session. The revised law on Offence regulates over 220 types of offences. The law has been revised to improve the current law by re-classifying some types of offences, clarifying, add¬ing and changing some provisions, which were missed, unclear and duplicated.
For example, the offence of affray is separated into two: misbehavior in public place and affray. Offence of misbehavior in public place includes actions like void¬ing, spitting and throwing cigarette end, while the actions of breaching publicly ac¬cepted rules and norms such as disturb¬ing others, brawling, breaching queue, causing harm to others’ property or injure others will be considered as affray.
Acts of growing drug plants, holding drugs and psychotropic substances or providing with premises or storage are considered as a criminal case, however, the conduct of sniffing gas or clay for in¬ebriation will be charged in offence law. Revised law will come into force on July 01, 2017.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Over the past years, the amount of solid waste in the country has increased by 500 thou¬sand tons a year due to population growth, urbanization and industrialization. For ex¬ample, 820 thousand tons of solid waste were produced in 2009, while it tripled by 2014 reaching 2.4 million tons a year.
According to a JICA survey, one citizen of the city produces 0,535-0.900 kg waste a day. 75 per cent of total waste is collect¬ed by the capital city waste maintenance company and 15 per cent is transported by individuals and organizations with their trucks and 5-10 per cent of waste is left without being transported.
Considering the current Waste Law as ineffective in handling waste to en¬sure environmental safety and protection, the Parliament discussed bill on revised waste law and approved it today, May 12.
The revised law includes new regula¬tions that recollection, re-using or recy¬cling of packages, containers and waste, produced by consumption of domestically produced or imported products would be the responsibility of manufacturers and importers. And a “producer of pollution pays for it” principal would be adhered to in covering any charges or costs for waste.
Moreover, the revised newly regulates hazardous waste management because the amount of hazardous waste increases dramatically due to the growth of imports of used vehicles, tires and lubricants and consumption of electronics and electric appliances. The law has tightened charg¬es and penalty for breaching the legisla¬tion.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Today, May 12, Prime Minister of Mongolia J.Erdenebat and Premier of the State Council of People’s Republic of China Li Keqiang held official talks. The parties mainly exchanged views on the intensi¬fication of trade and economic coopera¬tion, environmental protection and climate change impacts.
PM J.Erdenebat underlined that in¬creasing exports of mining products, in¬cluding iron ore and coal and agricultural and animal origin products to China is sig¬nificant to economic revival of Mongolia.
The Premiers also exchanged views on cooperation in a complex project to produce end products and liquid fuel and synthetic gas from coal, based on Tavan Tolgoi mine; raising capacity of some bor¬der stations and granting them interna¬tional status, using air space over Mongo¬lia in flights connecting China and Europe, opening new air gates and collaborating in infrastructure and air pollution fields.
The talks also touched upon coopera¬tion issues on starting the project to con¬struct power plant based on Shivee-Ovoo coal mine immediately, implementing ‘Kherlen Gobi” project together with China and realizing big infrastructure projects that widen cooperation of Zamiin Uud and Ereen border points.
The Premiers agreed upon coopera¬tion and experience sharing in a project to reduce air pollution of Ulaanbaatar city. Premier of the State Council Li Keqiang said that China is ready to help Ulaan¬baatar to reduce its air pollution not only through financial aids, but also sharing good practices and experiences. Moreover, the parties talked about cooperation possibilities within the frame¬work of Chinese “South-South coopera¬tion” and ‘South-South Climate Coop¬eration Fund’ which aims for mitigation of climate change.
After the official talks, the two Premiers witnessed the signing of the following bi¬lateral cooperation documents: 1. Intergovernmental Memorandum of Understanding between the govern¬ments of Mongolia and China on coordi¬nating Development Road and Belt and Road initiatives
2. Intergovernmental Memorandum of Understanding between the govern¬ments of Mongolia and China on estab¬lishing a joint council of humanitarian ex¬change between Mongolia and China
3. Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia and Ministry of Commerce of China on strengthening trade, investment and economic ties
4. Intergovernmental agreement be¬tween the Governments of Mongolia and China on economic and technical coop¬eration
5. Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Sports of Mongolia and Min¬istry of Science and Technology of China on cooperating to develop science park and innovation infrastructure
6. Exchange of letter on launching a project to improve living conditions of Mazaalai or Gobi Bear
7. Exchange of letter on building two secondary schools and a kindergarten within the “Building project for secondary school and kindergarten”
8. Memorandum of Understand¬ing between Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia and Ministry of Commerce of China on commencing a joint a study on possibilities to establish a Free Trade Agreement between Mongolia and China
9. Program between Mongolia’s Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs and China’s Ministry of Public Security for co¬operation in 2017-2020
10. Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Sports of Mongolia and Min¬istry of Science and Technology of China on implementing Young Scientists’ Ex-change Program
11. Memorandum of Understanding between General Agency for Specialized Investigation of Mongolia and General Administration of Quality Supervision, In¬spection and Quarantine of China on quarantine and inspection during trans¬portation of meat products
12. Plan of cooperation in 2017 Coop¬eration plan between General Agency for Specialized Investigation of Mongolia and General Administration of Quality Supervi¬sion, Inspection and Quarantine of China
13. Conventional loan agreement on a project to build 321-meter long Bayan¬zurkh bridge and 289.4-meter long Sons¬golon concrete bridge over the Tuul River with the funding of USD 500 million soft loan to be granted by the Government of China.
14. Conventional loan agreement on a project to build Ulaanbaatar-Mandalgobi electric transmission line and substation with the funding of USD 1 billion soft loan to be granted by the Government of China
15. Memorandum of cooperation on a joint study by Mongolian Energy Ministry and China Datang Corporation on reduc¬ing air pollution of Ulaanbaatar city
16. Memorandum of Uvurkhangai aimag of Mongolia, Hai Chuan Group of China and Jarvis Mongolia LLC of USA to establish meat plant
17. Power purchase agreement be¬tween the National Power Transmission Grid state-run enterprise of Mongolia and Energy International Cooperation Com¬pany of Inner Mongolia, China
18. General agreement of cooperation between the Mongolian Mining Corporation (owner of Energy Resources LLC) and Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Plant
19. Document of Mutual Understand¬ing between Mogul Power LLC and SPIC /State Power Investment Corporation/ In¬ner Mongolia Co.Ltd
20. Agreement between Erdenes Steel LC (jointly with Beren company) and Northern Heavy Industries Group Co.Ltd of China on cooperating in coke and steel factory
21. Cooperation agreement between Ganit Group of Mongolia and Junmin Juyuoi a technological company.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Prime Min¬ister J.Erdenebat is paying a visit to the People’s Republic of China. He paid a courtesy call on the Chinese President Xi Jinping on May 12. The sides affirmed mutual interests in upgrading the com¬prehensive strategic partnership with new contents of cooperation.
PM J.Erdenebat extended gratitude to Xi Jinping for inviting him to attend the Belt and Road International Cooperation Sum¬mit, and congratulated on the fact that the Belt and Road has been receiving great international support.
Chairman Xi Jinping said “Many deals have been put into action since I had car¬ried out a visit to Mongolia in 2014. In the future, Mongolia-China relations have to stand on more concrete foundation”. He also said, while quoting the saying ‘close neighbor is better than a distant friend’, that Mongolia and China should aspire to stay together to benefit from the global growth.
The dignitaries agreed on the view that coordination of Mongolia’s Develop¬ment Road Program with the Belt and Road initiative opens new opportunities for Mongolia and China to boost ties and that Mongolia can prosper by taking active part in the Belt and Road, as the country is already located in the heart of Belt and Road zone.
MrJ.Erdenebat highlighted that Mon¬golia’s ties with China is a priority in our country’s foreign policy, and expressed positions on potential joint projects in con¬nection with trade, economy, trans-bound¬ary development and infrastructure.
The sides stated the bilateral trade turnover needs to be elevated and the composition of bilateral trade should be balanced.
Chinese side expressed its readiness to assist Mongolia in overcoming the temporary constraints facing Mongolian economy. At first, the Chinese side noti¬fied about the extension of SWAP agree¬ment term between the People’s Bank of China and the Bank of Mongolia. China is providing financial aid of CNY 350 million to Mongolia at the moment.
During the meeting with PM J.Erdenebat, the Chinese side notified that it is providing another package of financial assistance of CNY 2.0 billion in the next three years. The percentage of proposed Mongolian projects, to be financed by the Chinese government’s USD 1.0 billion loan, has also been raised from 85 per¬cent to 95 percent.
China proposes to collaborate initially in increasing supply of meat from Mongo¬lia to China and improving health of Mon¬golian livestock, in order to cooperate in agricultural sphere on a wider scale. Fur¬thermore, the two sides agreed to focus on expanding actions of border ports and increase pass-through capacity of cus¬toms and grant official statuses to certain border checkpoints.
Mr Xi Jinping mentioned that Mongo¬lia and China have shared development strategy on promoting comprehensive development of major mining project in Mongolia, such as Tavantolgoi and Oyu¬Tolgoi’s concentrate plant, and in building their respective transport railroads and energy supply stations.
The meeting took place in friendly at¬mosphere, reports the Press and Public Relations Division of Cabinet.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ On May 11, D.Oyunkhorol, Minister of Environment and Tourism received delegates headed by Fatema Z. Sumar, Regional Deputy Vice President for Europe, Asia, Pacific and Latin America in the Millennium Challenge Corporation’s (MCC) Depart¬ment of Compact Operations, Mark Sun¬dberg, Deputy Vice President and Chief Economist at MCC and Jonathan Brooks, Managing Director for Europe, Asia, Pa¬cific and Latin America of MCC.
At the meeting, the MCC delegates in¬troduced about the process of developing a second compact and decisions made by the MCC’s Investment Management Com¬mittee, which held its meeting on April 5. The Committee discussed the proposed projects and programs forwarded by the government of Mongolia for water supply and concluded to study the activities if the projects and programs in the next level and draw up feasibility studies.
In accordance with the decision, the MCC and the Mongolian government es¬tablished an agreement on nonrefundable aid and its performance for the develop¬ment of the second compact, which laid out a program of water supply infrastruc¬ture of Ulaanbaatar city. Particularly, the program will focus on increasing the water supply of Ulaanbaatar with ground water sources, wastewater recycling for industri¬al purpose, politic and institutional reform in the water sector and improving the legal environment.
At the conclusion of the meeting, Min¬ister D.Oyunkhorol pointed out that bilat¬eral ties between Mongolia and the US are being strengthened, especially in the environmental field and requested the MCC delegates to pay attention to reduce soil and water pollution in ger districts of Ulaanbaatar city in the future.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ On the oc¬casion of the 25th anniversary of estab¬lishment of diplomatic ties between Mon¬golia and Georgia, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia Ts.Munkh-Orgil ex¬changed congratulatory letters with his Georgian counterpart MikheilJanelidze on May 12.
Minister Ts.Munkh-Orgil, while un¬derlining Mongolia-Georgia long-time friendship has endured the test of time and cooperation has been prospering in many sectors, expressed his interests in strengthening ties through expanding col¬laboration in many fields such as econ¬omy, trade, tourism and agriculture and deepening people-to-people relations.
Georgian Minister of Foreign Affairs M.Janelidze affirmed willingness for deep¬ening and upgrading bilateral and regional ties, which have been growing strong for the past years, by promoting mutually-beneficial cooperation based on shared values of freedom and democracy.
Mongolia and Georgia established dip¬lomatic relations on May 12, 1992.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Bank of Mongolia issues 1 week bills worth MNT 389 billion at a weighted interest rate of 14.0 percent per annum.
1 - week CBBs, a main monetary policy instrument of BoM, plays an impor¬tant role on managing the reserves of the banks. This CBB rate represents BoM’s policy rate guides interbank money mar¬ket. In July 2007, the CBB with stable rate and unlimited bidding was introduced with auctions to be held on every Wednesday. This really had attracted the banks’ inter¬ests providing the possibility for the banks to place their excess reserve in short term asset.
There has been a substantial change in the way banks manage their reserves since then. For the favorable adjustment of CBB rate and loan principle along with the well balance of togrog and foreign exchange, 1 - week CBB has been held in a type of competing by rate since May 2005. The auction average rate is the tar¬geted rate variables in +/-2 percent from the policy rate and it frames to make the interbank rate as the operational target in midterm.
Source: Bank of Mongolia


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Soronzo¬nboldynBattsetseg, two-time World Wres¬tling Champion, Olympic Bronze medal¬ist, won a gold medal of the 2017 Senior Asian Free style Wrestling Championship for the first time. The event is taking place from May 10 to 14 in New Delhi, India.
In the women’s tournament of the Asian Championship, State Merit Athlete of Mongolia S.Battsetsegcompeted in the women’s 63 kg and another Mongolian wrestler G.Urtnasan, Master of Sports also was challenged in the women’s 75kg. S.Battsetseg overwhelmed all of ther op¬ponents in three rounds and in the final round, she defeated her opponent Japa¬nese wrestler A.Gempei.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The Inter¬national Day of Families is observed on May 15 every year. On the occasion of this day, the National Museum of Mongo¬lia will offer free admission throughout the day for anyone visiting the museum with their families.
The National Museum of Mongolia houses over 56,000 exhibits and some 30 percent of total historical, cultural and ar¬chaeological exhibition items of Mongolia are preserved in the treasury of the mu¬seum and the academic research center. It has 10 exhibition halls displaying the history of Mongolia, nomadic culture, heri¬tage, ethnography and tradition.
Currently, a unique exhibition named ‘Rock Tomb Culture’ is on public view at the National Museum, unveiling archaeo¬logical findings unearthed from two differ¬ent rock tombs discovered newly on the territory of Khovdaimag.


History of Mongolia’s distinctive elec¬tions
When the first constitution was enact¬ed in 1924, Chairmen of the Presidium of the State Little Khural were considered the head of State. After the State Little Khural, Chairmen of the Presidium of the State Great Khural (Parliament) and Chairmen of the Presidium of People’s Great Khural were considered as the latter position until 1990.
During the assembly of 11th People’s Great Khural’s election, amendments to the Constitution of Mongolia were ap¬proved on May 10, 1990.
The amendments stated that the high¬est authority of the state would be appoint¬ed by the People’s Great Khural, moni¬tored by the State Little Khural and thus the President title was created. P.Ochirbat was appointed as Chairman of the Pre¬sidium of the People’s Great Khural from March 21 to September 3, 1990, and was selected as the President of Mongolian People’s Republic from September 3, 1990 to February 12, 1992. As indicated in the constitution of 1992, the President is entitled to his posi¬tion as the head of the state until the in¬auguration of the next elected President. Also, the constitution stated that presiden¬tial elections are to be held within June. Therefore, P.Ochirbat acted as President of MPR until the regular election.
OnFebruary 15, 1993, the Law on presidential elections was approved with 9 chapters and 44 articles. The law indi¬cated that political parties that have seats in Parliament are able to nominate a can¬didate for the presidential election, and the parties are able to collaborate on the nom¬ination. Even the processes were detailed in the law as it states the regular session is to be held on Sunday, in the second half of May.
Five presidential elections that took place from 1993 to 2009 followed this law and it has to be mentioned that all five of them had distinctive features.
In 1993, L.Tuvden,Editor-in-Chief of ‘Unen’ newspaper was holding gov¬ernment authority at the time and was nominated from the Mongolian People’s Republic Party. P.Ochirbat, who was a Member of Parliament at the time, was nominated from the Democratic Party. From the two nominees, P.Ochirbat was selected as the first President of Mongolia with 56 percent of the votes.
During the presidential election in 1997, President P.Ochirbat was nomi¬nated from the Mongolian Democratic Union, the leader of the minority group in Parliament;N.Bagabandi was nominated from the Mongolian People’s Revolution¬ary Party and Deputy Speaker of Parlia¬ment J.Gombojav was nominated from Mongolian Conservative United Party. From the three nominees, N.Bagabandi was selected as the second President of Mongolia with 61 percent of the total vote. This election was distinctive for having three nominees for the first time. In 2001, second President N.Bagabandi was nominated again from the MPRP, R.Gonchigdorj was nominated from the Democratic Party which had only one seat in Parliament and L.Dashnyam was nominated from the Civil Will Party. The result was a victory for N.Bagabandi, who won 58 percent of the vote. The elec¬tion was distinctive for electing an incum¬bent President. Parliament Speaker N.Enkhbayar was nominated from MPRP in 2005’s presiden¬tial election, along with MP M.Enkhsaikhan who was nominated from the Democratic Party, MP B.Erdenebat from the Mother-land Party and MP B.Jargalsaikhan from the Republican Party which was distin¬guished in the election for having four nominees. N.Enkhbayar came out victori¬ous with 53 percent of the vote.
The third president,N.Enkhbayar was selected for nomination from MPRP and MP Ts.Elbegdorj was nominated from the Democratic Party in the Presidential Election of 2009. From the two candi¬dates, Ts.Elbegdorj won the election with 51.2 percent votes and was elected as the fourth President of Mongolia. The distinctive factor of this election was that N.Enkhbayar who had 53 percent in the preliminary result, lost the election with 47.1 percent votes.
The Law on Automated System of Election was approved in 2011. There¬fore, the law on presidential elections was renewed in 2012. The main purpose of the renewal was to erase the negative ef¬fects of human interaction, register voters, take votes, process and transmit the re¬sults, and use automatic voting machines. Also, the election was distinctive for hav¬ing the first female candidate as a nomi¬nee for the presidential election in 2013. The candidates were the fourth President Ts. Elbegdorj of the Democratic Party, MP B.Bat-Erdene of Mongolian People’s Par¬ty and former Ministry of Health N.Udval of MPRP. As a result, Ts.Elbegdorj won the election with 50.23 percent votes.
In 2016, Parliament approved the Election Law to regulate Presidential, Parliamentary and Citizen’s Representa¬tive Khural’s elections under a single law. With the Election Law, the previous Law on Presidential Elections approved in 2012 was removed.
The seventh presidential election will take place on June 24, 2017. As indicated in the Election Law, the candidates will be nominated individually or collaboratively from the parties that have seats in Parlia-ment.The nominating process will start 55 days before the election and be finalized within 5 days. The nominations will take place from May 1 to May 5. Credentials of the candidates will be presented 30 days before the election on May 24.
The election campaign will start 18 days before the election and will end at midnight the day before the election. Therefore, the election campaigns will take place from May 6 to 24.
As re-instated, the presidential elec¬tion has to take place on a workday. So the election will be held on a Monday and Ts.Elbegdorj, the fourth president of Mon¬golia, cannot be nominated. Therefore, new candidates will be nominated from the parties that have seats in Parliament (the Democratic Party, Mongolian Peo¬ple’s Party and MPRP).

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