Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The sec¬ond clause of Parliamentary resolution number 29, which indicated to raise state currency reserve by passing sales in¬come of big projects with foreign invest¬ment through accounts of Mongolian banks, was cancelled during yesterday’s (May 4) plenary session of the Parlia¬ment. 65.5 per cent or 36 MPs out of the attended 55 backed to cancel the clause.
On April 14, parliament approved amendments to the 2017 state budget and other following laws and resolutions, which included resolution number 29. The Budgetary standing committee of Parlia¬ment developed a draft resolution to can¬cel the clause, in a request by Finance Minister, because it has caused difficult condition to implement joint program with the International Monetary Fund.
During the discussion, Democratic Party group in parliament asked five-day break in connection with the issue. DP group head MP D.Erdenebat said the dis¬cussion of the issue breaches the law on parliamentary procedure and the pressing problem could be resolved without touch¬ing the very important clause. However, DP group was allowed just 30-minute break, and after which the discussion continued, approving to cancel the sec¬ond clause.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Today, May 05, Parliament made its first hearing of bill on Infant food and food products at its plenary meeting. Feeding infants up to 3 years old with mother’s breast milk en¬sures babies to grow up healthy. However, babies have to be fed with imitation milk when the mother cannot feed her baby. The bill aims to regulate the use of breast-milk substitutes, including infant formula, depending on babies’ needs with doctor’s advice, said MP Ts.Tsogzolmaa.
During the first hearing of the bill, votes were held on 44 proposals and MPs backed proposals to ban placing labels containing information that lessens the significance of mother’s breast milk, on packages or bottles and boxes of breast milk substitutes. Instead, these kinds of products should have a label, warning that the product does not contain all nutrients, minerals and vitamins, baby requires. MPs were also in favor of ban on gifting breast milk substitutes or supplement products or supplying the products at discounted price to children’s hospitals, health care centers or orphanages and placing advertisement posters in areas of health organizations.
The bill was forwarded to the relevant parliamentary standing committee for the final hearing.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Citizens’ Representative Khural of the capital city, Mayor’s Office, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Academy of Governance, Na¬tional University of Mongolia and Mon¬golian Association of Urban Centers co-organized an international conference under the theme ‘Science and Technol¬ogy in Urban Development’ on May 4 at Shangri-La Hotel.
The opening ceremony of the confer¬ence was addressed by Prime Minister J.Erdenebat who wished success to the conference. He said, “Mongolia is trans¬ferring from nomadic to urban civilization robustly, and Ulaanbaatar is the biggest example. Therefore, we must develop Ulaanbaatar as a modern city based on knowledge”. He conveyed the Mongolian Government’s goal to develop the city as an integrated system with complex engi¬neering solutions.
Other honorary guests who deliv¬ered an opening speech included UN Permanent Representative Beate Trank¬mann, Mayor of Russian Ulan Ude city A.M.Golkov and others.
The conference is a 2009 initiative of the Association of Urban Centers to fa¬cilitate knowledge-based urban develop¬ment, and utilize research outputs and creative ideas of scientists in urban plan¬ning. The current administration decided to revive the discussion, thus bringing it back in the form of an international confer¬ence this year.
Attended by over 200 international and local delegates, the conference ad¬dressed a vast agenda divided in three side sessions – Urban Development and Legal Environment, Urban Development and Innovation and Urban Development and Economy. Moreover, an exhibition themed ‘Urban Development and Tourism’ was organized in conjunction with the con¬ference.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ On May 4, Mayor of Ulaanbaatar S.Batbold met with Alexander Golkov, Mayor of Ulan Ude, Russia and other Mayors attending in¬ternational conference on ‘Science and Technology in Urban Development’ on the sidelines of the conference.
The Mongolian Mayor expressed his gratitude for his attendance at the confer¬ence. He paid a visit to Ulan Ude in Sep¬tember, 2016.
The international conference was co-organized by Citizens’ Representative Khural of the capital city, Mayor’s Office, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Acad¬emy of Governance, National University of Mongolia and Mongolian Association of Urban Centers on May 4.
During his opening presentation, May¬or S.Batbold reflected on the capital city administration’s vision for Ulaanbaatar. “There isn’t long until we wrap up the 2020 development plan and 2030 development directions for Ulaanbaatar city. We’ve launched a research on the formulation of the 2040 development plan”.
“We are organizing this conference to learn from your rich experiences in developing your cities”, he said. He then touched upon the topic of ‘UB Innovation development center’, a project that has been initiated by the city administration. The development center is expected to contribute to developing Innovation hub in Ulaanbaatar. “We have a vision to establish an in¬novation region accompanied by satellite cities”, he shared.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ On May 4, during his visit to the EU, Minister of For¬eign Affairs of Mongolia Ts.Munkh-Orgil met with Didier Reynders, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Affairs of Belgium. At the meeting, the sides reaffirmed the signifi¬cance of bilateral relations between Mon-golia and Belgium based on common val¬ues and mutual interests of democracy and human rights.
The foreign ministers discussed about issues regarding the bilateral ties and em¬phasized their willingness to deepen eco¬nomic cooperation between the two coun¬tries. Moreover, they exchanged views on international and regional issues of mutual concern and noted their satisfaction with the development of bilateral cooperation towards democracy and human rights.
Also, they agreed to hold regular con¬sultative meetings with a view to intensify bilateral political dialogue between the ministries of Mongolia and Belgium.

MPRP names Chairman N.Enkhbayar as presidential candidate

Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ In connec¬tion to the ongoing nomination of presi¬dential candidates, Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party held its conference today, May 4 at its headquarters.
The conference addressed the issue of the party’s nominee and action plan for the upcoming Presidential Election. Prior to the convention, the party’s Executive bureau met and resolved to nominate the party’s Chairman Enkhbayar Nambar.
During the conference, majority of the conference’s participants supported the bureau’s proposal, thus the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party nominates former President N.Enkhbayar for the June 26 election.


A closing ceremony of the ‘Gobi Wolf’ international exercise was successfully held in Umnugobiaimag, on May 5. The field training was co-organized by the Na¬tional Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar and U.S. Army Pacific for the sixth time on May 01-05 with an aim to improve the regional readiness in response to natural disaster.
During the closing ceremony, speech¬es were delivered by G.Ariunbuyan, Dep¬uty Chief of Mongolia’s National Emergen¬cy Management Agency, Major General Roger Noble, Deputy Commander of the US Army Pacific and N.Naranbaatar, Gov¬ernor of Umnugobiaimag.
The sixth ‘Gobi Wolf’ international ex¬ercise training was attended by over 240 guests and representatives of public and non-governmental organizations and mili¬tary units and emergency management of¬fices of Mongolia, namely, National Emer¬gency Management Agency, General Staff of the Mongolian Armed Forces, General Authority for Border Protection, General Police Department, General Agency for Specialized and Inspection, Civil Aviation Authority of Mongolia and so on.
Moreover, representing foreign and international organizations, US Pacific Command, Alaska Army National Guard, US Forest Service, International Assis¬tance Group, UN system of organizations, Save the Children Japan, Mongolian Red Cross Society, Swiss Agency for Develop¬ment and Cooperation, Mercy Corps, In¬ternational Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement as well as delegates from Ban-gladesh, Nepal, Canada, the Republic of Korea, Hungary and Japan attended the training.
During the closing event, certificates were handed over to the participants of the ‘Gobi Wolf-2017’ international field training exercise.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ A feasibil¬ity study of ‘Coal to Synthetic natural gas’ project was developed by Wuhuan Engi¬neering company of the People’s Repub¬lic of China. Today, May 5, the work was officially handed over to the Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry of Mongolia. ‘Coal to Synthetic natural gas’ project is one of subcomponents of Mining Infra¬structure Investment Support Project, fi¬nanced by the World Bank soft loan.
The planned industrial complex of syn¬thetic natural gas plant and gas transmis¬sion pipelines will have an annual produc¬tion capacity of 725 million cubic meters of synthetic natural gas and 300 thousand tons of high quality petrol. The complex will be built based on Baganuur coal mine, with funding of USD2.5 billion. The project is considered to have a great importance for increasing the price of raw lignite, strengthening the Mongolian economic capacity, resolving the issue of air pollution that is severely affecting the health of residents of Ulaanbaatar, and establishing domestic gas fuel resources to reduce fuel imports.
The feasibility study and general en¬vironmental assessment are required to contain vital information and economic as¬sessment for making a decision on project investment. The successful implementa¬tion of the project is expected to lower air pollution of Ulaanbaatar, caused by raw coal burning, by more than 80 per cent.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The Eight National Renewable Energy Forum is be¬ing held today, May 5, at the Corporate Convention Centre, Ulaanbaatar. The an¬nual forum becomes a platform of dis¬cussion about the highlights of this year in the renewable energy sector, potential large-scale projects and presenting of results of projects underway, as well as discussing about necessary actions to be taken regarding the energy sector.
One of the key panelists of the Session I, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipo¬tentiary of the French Republic to Mongo¬lia, Ms Elizabeth Barsacq underlined that the most important purpose of promoting the growth of renewable energy is to re¬duce the carbon dioxide (CO2) emission.
Mr Battulga, an officer of the Nation¬al Security Council, mentioned that any country can exploit 20 percent of surface water flowing through the country’s terri¬tory, that Mongolia has a renewable ener¬gy resource which can supply three times more than China’s energy consumption, and that the price of electricity can go down to less than 3.0 cents if Mongolia realizes potential large-scale energy proj¬ects that are currently under discussion. He also asked if there are some political reasons to why mega projects, such as the Eg River Hydropower Plant Project, are still stagnant.
The Eg River project still needs to be studied further in the presence of Rus¬sian experts and needs to reflect the voices of the people who are living in the zones, which will be impacted by the re¬alization of this projects, answered the Director of Strategy and Policy Planning Department of the Ministry of Energy, Mr D.Chimeddorj. In an interview with MONTSAME, Dr N.Enebish, manager of the Darkhan So¬lar Plant (10MW) Project, highlighted that Mongolia has a capacity to become a pil¬lar producer of renewable energy in the Northeast Asian region.
“Mega solar and wind plants with a capacity of 10-100 GB, which are 10-100 times higher than the total energy con¬sumption of Mongolia, can be built in the vast space of the Gobi Desert. Our Gobi has an advantage over other large des¬erts in the world, including Sahara and the desert of Arizona, for it is fundamentally researched for the last 18 years by a team of Mongolian and international scholars”, he added.
The forum, attracting more than 500 national and international guests, con¬tinues with discussions concerning the growth of Mongolia’s renewable energy sector and international cooperation; ways to accelerate the speed of renewable en¬ergy growth and to solve pressing issues; effects of renewable energy production in a centralized energy grid of Mongolia; and renewable energy investment policies and their implementation.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ By the end of April 2017, Bank of Mongolia invested a total of MNT23.9 billion for financing of mortgage loan program to commercial banks. Mortgage loans were granted to 383 borrowers in Ulaanbaatar and 322 in rural area.
According to a renewed regulation of mortgage funding, BoM finances mort¬gate loans every month with repayments of bond principal and coupon, which are guaranteed by mortgage.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Mongolian photo model and Miss B.Gunzaya partici¬pated in a Vietnam International Fashion Week on April 25-28 in Ho Chi Minh City. She presented works by French design¬er Patrick Pem and Mongolian Fashion House “O Couture”.
During the fashion week, over 20 col¬lections by more than 20 international and domestic designers, including those from France, Australia, Portugal, the Republic of Korea, Thailand and Israel were pre-sented by top models from South Korea, France, Russia and Vietnam.
Photo model B.Gunzaya attended 11th Asian Film Awards in Hong Kong in May, selected from 1000 models and she es¬tablished a cooperation memorandum with, entitled to work inter¬nationally. She has been appointed as a deputy head of Miss Mongolia Tourism As¬sociation and strives to become a bridge in international entertainment and tourism.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Initiated by A.Enkhtuul, Grandmaster (GM) of Chess, 3-month intensive training course to be held at “Century Chess” club between May 10 and August 10.
With an aim to promote Mongolia through mind sports, as well as to train younger generations, the training will be held under thorough system. Not only does the training will enable self-learning opportunities, it will be taught in accor¬dance with international standards.
Being able to be taught by a chess grandmaster is a very rare opportunity in other countries. And this training will be instructed by a team of International Mas¬ters (IM) and GMs, such as GM A.Enkhtuul as the coach, State Merit Coach and IM P.Jigjidsuren as an advisor to the coach, State Merit Athlete GM B.Munguntuul, GM B.Gundavaa, Ts.Batchuluun, IM G.Munkhgal, FIDE Master S.Gan-Od, Master of Sports A.Bayarsaikhan as lec¬turers, B.Ankhtuul as a psychologist and U.Otgonsuren will be working as a social worker and teacher.
Unlike other chess courses, the inten¬sive training will be available for everyone regardless of age and will be held under tight schedules. Also, a selected male and female students will be free of charge.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Asian Pow¬erlifting Championship 2017 is taking place in West Java, Indonesia from May 1 to 5. As of now, Mongolian athletes have won 17 medals from the championship.
5 Mongolian athletes are participating in the two weight classes of under and over 120 kilograms today on May 5. Led by D.Battulga, Secretary General at the Mongolian United Powerlifting Federation, a total of 14 athletes are participating in the championship. In the senior’s 93 kg weight class, S.Munkh-Erdene won silver medals with squats and bench press while D.Uuyganbayar won gold medal with squats and silver with bench press in Mas¬ter’s 105 kg. Moreover, B.Dashzeveg also won 2 gold medals with squats and dead¬lift and bronze with bench press in 93kg.
Overpowering other contestants, M.Galtsaikhan won triple gold medals with squats, bench press and deadlift in the senior’s 93 kg weight class. Repeating his achievement, T.Chakhar also brought home triple gold medals in the master’s 74 kg. Meanwhile, D.Batsaikhan (in the master’s 66 kg) and A.Erdenetsogt (in the junior’s 59kg) have won silver medals with bench press. Last but not least, Sh.Batzul snatched silver medal with bench press and bronze with deadlift in the 105 kg weight class.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ By the or¬der of the President of Mongolia, National Literacy Day takes place within the first week of May. This year, the National Lit¬eracy Day is being celebrated under the slogan “National Literacy: Guarantee of Independence”.
Within the framework, a series of ex¬hibitions displaying literary culture and xylography traditions of the Mongolian people, research conferences on Mon¬golian literature, events promoting the lit¬erary works and calligraphies of famous Mongolian scholars of all generations and meetings between authors and readers are taking place.
Regarding the celebration, Minister of Education, Culture, Science and Sports J.Batsuuri said “A whole country giving importance to the President’s order, cel¬ebrating the National Literacy Day and organizing contests on traditional Mongo¬lian scripts is congratulatory. We’re putting foremost effort in creating unified diction¬ary, online vocabulary database and de¬veloping online linguistics. And by 2025, we’ll be having mixed language of Cyrillic and Traditional Mongolian Scripts. There¬fore, the Ministries and related organiza¬tions need to cooperate in order to pro¬mote the usage of Traditional Mongolian Scripts”.
The celebratory exhibition “Literary Geniuses” took place at Mongolian Na¬tional Modern Art Gallery between May 2 and 5.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ The Bank of Mongolia issues 1 week bills worth MNT 371 billion at a weighted interest rate of 14.0 percent per annum.
1 - week CBBs, a main monetary policy instrument of BoM, plays an impor¬tant role on managing the reserves of the banks. This CBB rate represents BoM’s policy rate guides interbank money mar¬ket. In July 2007, the CBB with stable rate and unlimited bidding was introduced with auctions to be held on every Wednesday. This really had attracted the banks’ inter¬ests providing the possibility for the banks to place their excess reserve in short term asset. There has been a substantial change in the way banks manage their re¬serves since then. For the favorable adjustment of CBB rate and loan principle along with the well balance of togrog and foreign exchange, 1 - week CBB has been held in a type of competing by rate since May 2005. The auction average rate is the targeted rate variables in +/-2 percent from the policy rate and it frames to make the interbank rate as the operational target in midterm.


Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Rain and sleet are expected in western part of western aimags on May 7, some parts of western and central aimags on May 8, southern part of central region and in some parts of the Gobi on May 9, north-ern parts of central aimags and in some parts of eastern aimags on May 10.
Winds will get stronger in Altai Moun¬tain range on May 7, in most regions on May 8, Altai Mountain range, the Gobi and steppes on May 9 and in some regions on may 10, reaching 14-16 m/sec and tempo¬rarily reaching 18-20 m/sec.
The temperatures will start rising. The nighttime temperature in the valley of Ider and Tes Rivers, Khuren belcher, the de¬pression of Darkhad and in Khangai, Khu¬vsgul, Khentii Mountains will be 0-5 Cel¬sius, and the daytijme, +15+20.
In the Gobi and the bank of Orkhon- Selenge, the nighttime temperature will be +7+12, and the daytime, +24+29.
In other regions, the nighttime tem¬perature will be +3+8, and the daytime, +20+25 Celsius.
Temperatures will drop in western half of the country on May 8, and in the east¬ern half on May 9.


09.00: The 8th national forum of re¬newable energy takes place at the Corpo¬rate Convention Center
10.00: Academic conference on “Agri¬cultural land relations-2017” takes place at the Mongolian University of Life Sciences
10.00: The Open Society Forum and “Journalist” club co-organize a discussion under the theme “Financing of election” at the Blue Sky Hotel
10.30: Turkish International Coopera¬tion and Development Agency hands over portable workplace, work wear and equip¬ment to the Specialized and Inspection Offices
11.00: Press conference to introduce the decision and recommendation con¬cluded from the international conference of “Science and technology in urban de¬velopment” at the ASEM Villa complex
11.20: Opening ceremony of “The Whole Liver-Mongolia” program holds at the Sukhbaatar Square
12.00: Opening ceremony of “Barilga Expo 2017” international building and con¬struction fair takes place at the Misheel Expo center
14.00: Ceremony to deliver 10 ambu¬lances for Health Centers of some soums of Bulgan, Orkhon-Uul and Khuvsgulaim¬ags holds at the Ministry of Health


With the spring, comes commence¬ment of construction in Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia. With the con¬struction season, restoration and mainte¬nance works of green space have start¬ed. Therefore, we clarified green space restoration and maintenance plans for 2017 from State Honored Environmental Scientist and dendrologist PhD (Doctor of green space biology) B.Chimed, Advisor in charge of Green Space of the City Gov¬ernor’s working group.
Compared to other countries, how many square meters of green space do we have in Ulaanbaatar per person? Research indicates that around 15- 18 square meters of green spaces are allocated per person in foreign coun¬tries. Before 1990, the green space in Ulaanbaatar had similar statistics. Green space decreased after almost half of the population moved to the capital due to market transaction. Because of the eco-nomic difficulties, the green house care went into a standby phase. Due to the increasing value of properties, construc¬tion works have started to increase while green lands started to reduce. Therefore, Ulaanbaatar now has only 6 square me¬ters of green space per inhabitant.
What’s the annual budget of Ulaan¬baatar’s green space development?
MNT 5-6 billion per annum
What types of trees are more suitable to plant in Ulaanbaatar?
Mostly bushes were planted in the past few years. Bushes are for decora¬tion. Coniferous trees, such as spruc¬es and pines, have to be planted after they’ve grown big. However, many crit¬ics say planted big trees die out fast. Some 30 big trees were planted in front of City Governor’s Office 10 years ago and not a single one died.
How are green space issues coordi¬nated with urban planning?
Green space is a sub-component of urban planning which aims to change 40 percent of the city’s territory into green spaces. There’s a standard for roads and buildings to encompass 20 percent green space in their respective areas.
By 2020, what percent of green space will be increased?
By an assumption, green space will increase by up to 6.2 square meters per person by 2020.
What are the notable plans for this year?
Layouts were approved for planting 1700 trees near Peace Avenue in 2017. A selection was made among 130 private entities for creating, caring, watering and protecting green spaces. The selected entities will be responsible for certain ar¬eas along Peace Avenue.
What will be done to create green space in ger areas?
Ger areas consist of 30 thousand hect¬ares in Ulaanbaatar. Green spaces are lacking in 40 percent of every household which is 12 thousand hectares. Every household needs to plant trees and raise the percentage of greenery to 100 per¬cent. Households that are not engaged in planting trees have to be accountable. However, there’s an issue. Around 800- 1000 millimeters of rain falls in the Re¬public of Korea or Singapore while it’s only 110 to 140 millimeters in Mongolia. Households in ger areas struggle to buy their water, let alone for planting trees.
Entities involved in re-planning of ger areas have to create green space as well. But they are less likely to do so. Therefore, instead of replacing private properties into apartments, they need to be connected to the infrastructure and water supply.
Where and how do we train profes¬sional gardeners in Mongolia?
Many technical vocational schools of green space used to exist in the social¬ist era. Now we train dendrologists and forest engineers in only three universities. As for gardening, “Eco Mongolia” voca-tional school trains gardeners. From the 300 graduates of professional gardeners, 150 of them are working in the field with monthly salaries of around MNT 750 thou¬sand.
With the initiation of the President, in¬clusive work of tree planting takes place every year. What is the percentage of growth? Does it have any effect on green spaces in Ulaanbaatar?
From my perspective, involving the whole community in tree planting is inef¬fective. Green space has to be created under the guidance of professional orga¬nizations and forest tree nurseries.
The before-mentioned tree plant¬ing work started in Ulaanbaatar, back in 1940. Although millions of trees were planted since then, none of them grew much. There are several reasons for that. First, urbanization had no planning. Sec¬ond, maintenance was discontinued due to low budget. The biggest problem was nomadic people’s lack of knowledge in native science to plant, protect and grow trees. Mongolian people need to adapt to settlement culture and learn how to plant trees as much as how they plant veg-etables. Training people with this much ecological knowledge will require many years. Shepherds who were herding sheep just yesterday move to the capital and are now destroying flower fields and sitting on chains surrounding the statue of Sukhbaatar. It only takes one person to plant a tree in other countries, but in order to grow the tree, that person will take care of the tree like it’s their child. Alternatively, the general public thinks that green space will develop if a single dendrologist plants a tree. That is untrue. Everyone has to have ecological knowledge and morality for green spaces.
What is the first priority to improve people’s knowledge of ecology?
That is of foremost importance. The public must realize the importance of dif¬ferent soils, seeds and leaves to protect the environment. This has to be taught in primary schools. Instead of teaching cell structures, children need to be taught how to plant and grow trees, flowers and fruits. We lack ecology teachers to teach them. Approximately, 50 to 80 years will be required to create a country and peo¬ple with sufficient ecological knowledge.A long-term plan of a related ministry is cru¬cial for educating the public and younger generation.

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